Guide to install Ubuntu

Updated on April 26, 2012 Ubuntu Precise 12.04 LTS is a full length version, which will be supported for 5 years. Default Ubuntu comes with everything you need for everyday use, but since it never rains to everyone’s taste, we will see things we can do after installation. This is a suggestion and everyone can install what you want or need according to your preferences and needs: UPDATE AND REPOSITORY The first is to update the system. Then hit the pitching unified “Home” for Lens or Dash (1st left bar launcher (Launcher) in Ubuntu logo) or just make a click on the button “Super” and type in the search “Update Manager “. Before upgrading we will check that all repositories are enabled. Repositories are tanks that store and maintain applications and installation packages. To manage them, click on the “Settings” window “Update Manager” and it will open a new window with the following tabs: “Ubuntu Software” We find the following official repositories and maintained by the community that must be always on (v): – Main. free software supported by Canonical (Ubuntu) – Universe. free software maintained by the community – Restricted. proprietary drivers for devices – Multiverse. Software restricted by copyright or legal issues No need to activate the Source Code box. “Other Software” – Cdrom with Ubuntu 11.10 …. No active. – Canonical Partners. proprietary software (not free) that it has reached an agreement with ubuntu to access certain applications (Sun Java JRE, Acroread …), but there are free applications that supply them (OpenJDK, pdf viewer …) and we can keep it off if not going to use. – Independent. Provided by third-party software developers. Close the window “Settings” and we can upgrade the system by pressing the “Check” and once you finish checking, click on “Install Updates” Note: You can also upgrade from the terminal (that thing so rare) with the following command: sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade The update can take, depending on the speed you have on the Internet, number of packages to upgrade and also have to bear in mind that in the first days of its release the servers will be saturated. HARDWARE DRIVERS If you have some kind of hardware that has support own (proprietary) brand, type Nvidia, Ati …, will appear in the notification area on the top panel a ‘balloon’ warning. We can also be accessed from Start> Additional Contoladores. “Select the driver you want and click” activate “. Note: For Nvidia and ATI graphics cards there are two drivers. Install the “Recommended” and not “post-release updates” (gives error). Attention: when trying to install the proprietary drivers from Nvidia, Unity 3D (or compiz) fails, causing a black screen and many flashes. See solution: INSTALLING THE SYSTEM-WIDE LANGUAGE Verify that the language “Spanish” is fully installed and configured for the entire system: Come to “Start> Language Support”, check the status and if something is missing, tell us that all support is installed and click install. In the tabs “Languages” and “Language Support” click on “Apply to the entire system.” INSTALLATION OF APPLICATIONS The “Software Center” is a real shop with over 1,000 software applications available to download and install with a single click (search and click install). In each package by clicking on “More Information” in addition to the description of the app, find “recommendations” and “comments” of users. Note: The blog always use the “Terminal” (that thing so rare) with the respective installation command (sudo apt-get install application-name), but those who want to install from the “Software Center”, you just have to write: “application-name” and click “Install”. More information: INSTALLATION OF APPLICATIONS, PACKAGES AND CODECS WITH RESTRICTED LICENSES Java – Support for Java applications. The OpenJDK and IcedTea plugin work well for most purposes and are free. Installation: Software Center searches: OpenJDK java. You appear 2 versions (the 6 or 7), which installs quieraso need. Installation Command Version 7: sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre Installation Command Version 6: sudo apt-get install openjdk-6-jre If you need the latest version of Oracle Java read the following guide: ubuntu-restricted-extras – to decode MP3, other audio formats (GStreamer plugins), Microsoft fonts, LAME (to create compressed audio files), and w32 codecs “w32codecs” (32bit) and “w64codecs” ( 64bit) .. Note: Among the packages to be installed are the sources of micro $ oft (ttf-mscorefonts) and you have to accept the license and EULA. If you do it from the terminal, the cursor does not work, stand on “OK” (1 license) or “Yes” (2nd license) by pressing the tab key, when is red, press the Enter key. Installation: search the Software Center: ubuntu restricted extras Or from the terminal with: sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras libdvdcss – to see DVD’s / CD’s original or commercial: Install the package “curl” to download the public key: sudo apt-get install curl Download and install the public key Videolan repositories: curl | sudo apt-key add – Add Videolan repositories: echo “deb /” | sudo tee / etc / apt / sources.list.d / libdvdcss.list Update the list of repositories: sudo apt-get update And install libdvdcss2: sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2 When installing “ubuntu-restricted-extras” will be installed “libdvdread4” in “/ usr / share / doc” and we have run it with: sudo / usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/ More information at: Flash Player – It is included in the package ubuntu-restricted-extras and no need to install. If you ever need to install Flash Player follow this guide: gstreamer – multimedia Codecs. Support for Audio and video in different formats. Meta is within the “ubuntu-restricted-extras” and no need to install. If ever the need: Installation: Software Center search “gstreamer supplements” and install the 4. sudo apt-get install gstreamer0.10-ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad-multiverse gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly gstreamer0.10-plugins-ugly-multiverse The “sources” of Microsoft (Arial, Courier, Comic Sans, Verdana, Times New Roman, …). It is included in the metapackage “non-free-codecs” and not to install it. If you ever need: Installation: seek in Software Center: ttf mscorefonts sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer Note: You must accept the license and EULA. If you do it from the terminal, the cursor does not work, stand on “OK” (1 license) or “Yes” (2nd license) by pressing the tab key, when is red, press the Enter key. Then to add to all applications to update the cache with: sudo fc-cache RECOMMENDED Synaptic – is a graphical tool for managing packages GTK + and APT. Synaptic enables you to install, update or uninstall software packages so versatile. It is not installed by default (they say for space on the CD). Installation: Search Software Center: synaptic sudo apt-get install synaptic GConf-Editor – is a tool used for editing the database configuration GConf (GNOME configuration). It is not the recommended way of setting desktop preferences, but it could be useful in some cases. Installation: Software Search Center: dconf editor sudo apt-get install gconf-editor To run it, open the Dash and type “gconf editor” aptitude – Command to install applications from the terminal. It is necessary because we can always use the command “apt-get”, but here I leave to those who want it: Installation: Software Search Center: aptitude sudo apt-get install aptitude gdebi – Installation Packages. “deb”. No need, because when you install the. Deb double click opens the Software Center. For the nostalgic: Installation: Software Center search: gdebi sudo apt-get install gdebi SYSTEM CONFIGURATION It is advisable to take a walk through the “System Settings” where you will find many options to configure Ubuntu. Default is a launcher in the Launcher (launcher bar). We can also open it from the icon “Off> System Configuration” to the right of the top panel. Note: I have yet to make a guide with all these settings in coming days But to tune our Ubuntu need to install a couple of applications or at least one of them: MyUnity – is Indispensable if you want a graphical tool for managing the appearance (Desktop Themes, Icons, Cursors and the appearance and behavior of the panel, Dash and Launcher (launcher bar) of Unity. More information: Installation: Software Search Center: MyUnity sudo apt-get install MyUnity gnome-tweak-tool – (Advanced Configuration of Gnome). Graphical tool for managing Gnome 3. Serves both Unity and Gnome-Shell. More information: Installation: Software Search Center Advanced Settings sudo apt-get install gnome-tweak-tool DESKTOP ENVIRONMENTS & INTERFACES GRAPHICS As I have always said, to taste, colors and how it is GNU / Linux can choose from many options. Tint2 – For those who want a lower panel with the list of open windows running with Unity. It is lightweight and configurable. More information at: Installation: Software Search Center: tint2 sudo apt-get install tint2 And for those who do not like Unity, you can install different Desktop environments and Shell: Classic Desktop – Gnome desktop clone running under Gnome 2.x and 3.x, maintained by Ubuntu. More information at: Installation: Software Search Center: gnome panel sudo apt-get install gnome-panel Gnome Shell – Desktop with Gnome 3.x Shell instead of Unity More information at: Installation: Software Search Center: gnome shell sudo apt-get install gnome-shell Cinnamon – Shell created by Linux Mint Gnome 3.x which adds a bottom panel and a menu of applications, among other things. For installation visit this guide: Mate – Gnome 2.x fork disappeared (without stand or development), which provides an alternative to those who do not want to use Gnome 3.x For installation WepUpd8 visit: APPLICATIONS TO HOME To disable startup applications in Ubuntu 11.10, follow this guide: Compiz Compiz is installed by default, but lack the configuration tool to get all the juice to the 3D effects. Installation: seek in Software Center: compizconfig sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager More information at: UNITY SET Here you have a guide to tuning and particularly Ubuntu 11.04 UNITY, practically still valid for Ubuntu 12.10: activate the keyboard shortcut CTRL + ALT + BACKSPACE to restart X Long time comes disabled by default this shortcut that allows us to restart the X server (graphical) when a problem causes the system to stop responding properly and so we can go to the login screen (username and password). To activate: Open the “System Configuration> Distribution tecaldo” and click the “Options” button (bottom right). A window opens, displays the “Key sequence to kill the X server” and check the “Ctrl + Alt + Backspace”. More information: DECOMPRESS FILES WITH FORMATS FOR zip and rar. We need zip and rar. Installation: Software Center search: 7zip sudo apt-get install p7zip-full p7zip-rar rar unrar MOUNTING AN IPOD: Installation: Software Center search: ipod sudo apt-get install gtkpod To learn more about this application visit the official website. COMPILING BASIC SOFTWARE. Sometimes we do not find an executable. Deb to install and yes the source code. To use commands like “gcc” “make” sudo apt-get install build-essential We can also install the kernel development libraries necessary for certain packages: sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname-r` AVANT WINDOW NAVIGATOR By having the Unity launcher bar is not necessary to install any dock, but for lovers of this magnificent dock, that can be installed and used without problems with Unity bar. Installation: search Software Center: avant window navigator sudo apt-get install avant-window-navigator View installation and configuration on the following guidelines: HARDWARE MONITOR TEMPERATURES More information at: Installation: Software Center search: lm-sensors and hddtemp sudo apt-get install lm-sensors hddtemp Conky Conky is a system monitoring tool very light, powerful and configurable, having won several awards for Linux, as “most useful and best maintained”. More information at: Installation: Software Center search: conky sudo apt-get install conky Screenlets The screenlets are small desktop widgets (gadgets) to take into our desktop features such as: watches, meter battery consumption, state of the weather, etc.. Installation: Software Center search: screenlets sudo apt-get install screenlets View installation and configuration on the following guidelines: VIRTUALBOX Is an application to install a virtual machine on it, install and run any OS (windows, mac …). View installation and configuration on the following guidelines: K3B K3B is a program like Nero to burn CDs and DVDs pertaining to the KDE Desktop environment We Brasero in GNOME by default, but if you want to try. Installation: Software Center search: k3b sudo apt-get install k3b To take this into Spanish language pack need the “kde-l10n-is”. We installed it with the following command: sudo apt-get install kde-l10n-is For legal reasons k3b does not support it format music files. Mp3, so to work with this type of format we install some additional libraries. We’ll do it from a terminal with the following commands: For Ubuntu 9.04 and earlier: sudo apt-get install libk3b2-extracodecs For Ubuntu 9.10 and later: sudo apt-get install libk3b6-extracodecs WINE Some Windows applications or games it is possible to run with “wine”. Although I always recommend finding a free alternative. See the installation and configuration guide suguiente: If you want to know what applications are similar to those of windows on Ubuntu, look at the following guide: INSTANT MESSENGER 1. Empathy: It comes by default in Ubuntu and allows us to connect accounts Yahoo, MSN, etc.. To run it go to Applications – Internet – Empathy messaging client. But there are other instant messaging clients like Pidgin, aMSN, Skype … Two. aMSN is a messaging client for Ubuntu more like the messenger, supports video, but for now does not support phone calls. Installation: ~ amsn-daily / + archive / ppa sudo add-apt-repository ppa: amsn-daily/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install amsn Solution to “Package ‘amsn’ has no installation candidate”, in: Three. Emesene is also very similar to the messenger. Installation: Software Center search: emesene sudo apt-get install emesene 4.Skype: to free phone conversations between PCs that have it installed. See installation in: See comparison of all customers: Download P2P 1. Broadcast: A BitTorrennt client to download that comes installed by default in Ubuntu Two. aMule: One of P2P programs to download ubuntu popular online (is like the eMule for Windows). Installation: Software Center search: amule sudo apt-get install amule Three. FrostWire: is a program based on the popular p2p LimeWare. FrostWire is an application similar to ARES and is free. View installation and configuration: VIDEO PLAYERS Ubuntu has by default the “Movie Player” called “totem”, more than enough to play movies, but it is worth knowing that there are more possibilities: MPlayer Excellent player that plays almost everything. View installation guide: VLC VideoLan VLC is one of the best and most complete video players. See the installation and configuration GIMP Image Editor Gimp is an image editor and pictures which makes it so famous competition to PhotoShop. Installation: Software Center search: gimp sudo apt-get install gimp OpenShot Video Editor OpenShot Video Editor is a very comprehensive and intuitive. Installation: Software Center search: openshot sudo apt-get install openshot You can use it in conjunction with “Blender” (3D modeling, animation, rendering and post-production) and “Inkscape” (scalable vector graphics editor (SVG)) thus becoming a powerful video editing tool. Installation: Software Center search: blender and inkscape sudo apt-get install blender inkscape VIDEO CONVERTERS – Ffmpeg (winff) – convert videos to different formats. Installation and configuration: – DeVeDe – convert videos to video-cd, SuperVideo-CD, video DVD, DivX and MPEG-4. Installation: Software Center search: DeVeDe sudo apt-get install DeVeDe – Mobile Media Converter – convert videos to 3gp mobile phone. Installation and configuration: – Sound Juicer – convert music cd to mp3. Installation and configuration: UBUNTU TWEAK Ubuntu Tweak is an application that allows you to control many aspects of our system and install new third-party applications. See the installation and configuration guide at: CHROMIUM BROWSER Chromium is a browser other than Google Chrome. Is free software project where Google Chrome comes having BSD license, while Chromium is open source (free). It has the same characteristics of design, but with a slightly different logo without commercial and technical support of the company Google. It comes in the Ubuntu repositories Installation: Software Center search: chromium browser sudo apt-get install chromium-browser Install the language pack to have it in Spanish with: sudo apt-get install chromium-browser-l10n If you want the latest version, you can add the PPA repository: sudo add-apt-repository ppa: chromium-daily We update the repository with the command: sudo apt-get update E installed or if you have already installed, update with: sudo apt-get upgrade OPERA BROWSER If you do not like Firefox or Chromium, can install other alternative browsers: For example to install Opera. Let your webpage: We detect Linux, click on the black button “Download version xx.xx for Linux” In the new window will detect distribution (Ubuntu) and architecture (32 or 64 bits). Leave everything as is and click on the black button “Download Opera” It will download a. Deb package that is installed with a simple double-click. JDOWNLOADER JDownloader is a great download manager that also supports direct download from the most popular websites (eg Rapidshare and MegaUpload). You can download the installation script from the main site. For more information: Another alternative is to use Tucan (which have been removed from the repositories). OPERATION OF UNITY What’s new in Ubuntu 12.04: Here’s a guide with 2 video tutorials to see and understand the features of Unity in Ubuntu 11.04, which mostly still valid for this release:





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