The latest report from the Observatory on the Social Debt Argentina (ODSA) of the Catholic University, met on Thursday 26/12, again strongly contradict the INDEC. While the state agency for the year reported a decline in poverty to 4.7%, which is equivalent to 1,900,000 people, to the UCA are over 10 million. But there are other alarming data: 37% of young people do not graduate from high school and 20% are already known ‘ni-ni’ (neither in school nor working). Also about 3 million people are malnourished
La Villa 31, an example in the capital
Last year, we reflect on the report of the Social Debt Observatory of the Universidad Católica Argentina and SEL Consultores that after 9 years of ‘model’ Kirchner, with growth ‘Chinese rates’, job creation, economic recovery and a enormous amount of social programs that benefit more than 5.5 million people said they had failed to reduce the so-called “structural poverty” totaling about 10 million poor. This Thursday (26/12), again the UCA publishes its findings in the final report of the Social Debt Observatory Argentina, called “structural heterogeneities and persistent social inequalities” and little has changed but worsened.
Over 10 million people live in poverty in Argentina, have no formal employment, quality education and decent housing, and suffer from inadequate health services.
Far from INDEC data that reported in late October that poverty was reduced to 4.7%, which is equivalent to 1,900,000 people.
According to research by the UCA, made with data from the Survey of the Social Debt Argentina (EDSA, one of the most reliable measures of socioeconomic country), nearly half of the workers have done a poor job or “work poverty” ( eg cartoneo).
About 3 million people are malnourished and one in 10 homes have no running water and three out of 10 sewers.
On the situation of youth, the data are devastating: 37% of young people do not graduate from high school and 20% are already known ‘ni-ni’ (neither in school nor working). 12% of children aged 5 to 17 years to do some work activity and two of every 10 homes require public assistance, a total of 23.5% who need a permanent social assistance program. Despite the aid effort, one in four of these 500,000 households have no access to the real value of the basic food basket.
“The structural marginalization in Argentina did not improve despite years in the country grew at a rate of 8%. Crystallized structural poverty, the inability to achieve basic levels of well-being and social integration,” says Agustin Salvia, Observatory chief investigator.
Already in 2012 he had come to the same conclusion about the structural marginalization, Salvia adds: “Half of the poor in 2002 ceased to be poor, but the levels prior to the crisis worsened Much of the social conflict is about. with inequality and unmet expectations. Crime, snatching and looting are within a context of social breakdown, of people who feel that the system does not include and that distance with those is better growing. ”
“Poverty is increasing by inflation and stagnant formal employment. Rose in 2013 above 25%,” adds Salvia told that reproduces this 26/12 La Nacion.
If in 2003 the poverty rate was 50.9% of people in 2012 was 24.5% according to data ODSA (INDEC 5.4% in 2012). This means that almost 30 percent of Argentines (if we add 4.9 percent indigent) failed out of this situation, despite strong economic growth.
And in that context, social assistance rose from 10.3% of GDP in 2007 to 15.3% in 2012.
On the structural poverty explains that a large percentage of those who were part of the unemployed in 2002 was reinserted quickly productive economic system, as they had job skills, but they had lost their jobs after the closure of factories and companies in the midst of crisis. Once economic conditions changed, those companies that had excess capacity, to take them back. But who did not change its position are found in the bottom of the pyramid.
Last October, the Institute for Economic and Social Development Argentino he said:
• 3% of the poorest households live in the City of Buenos Aires and another 26% live in suburban Buenos Aires.
• 32% live in the provincial capitals of the interior and Rosario.
• 39% live in small towns and villages of the interior provinces.