The world has never been so interconnected as today. The pace of urbanization in the country is increasing at a fast pace, while in 2008 more than half of the world population live in cities became for the first time in history. But this does not mean that in the XXI century there are no communities living in their complete isolation. In fact it is estimated that there may be around 100 indigenous tribes without contact with the rest of the world voluntarily, although the data are not clear. Research has revealed that Brazil is the country that handles the most precise data. According to information gathered through aerial surveys and interviews with indigenous members who have decided to have outside contact would be almost 80 tribes living in complete closure from the rest of society.
It is in Brazil itself where the man lives isolated from the world. It is known to India and spends nights in a lush palm hut in the Brazilian Amazon. Brazilian authorities have concluded that it is the last survivor of an isolated Indian tribe. The tribe first met nearly 17 years ago and since more than a decade have launched numerous expeditions to track down and keep it safe, besides trying to establish peaceful contact with him. When it comes to tribes, it is believed that the Sentinelese (the Andaman Islands in the Indian Ocean) are the most isolated in the world.
“In 2009, I had planned to become the guest of 31 isolated tribes and visually unique. I wanted to witness its ancient traditions, participate in its rites and discover how the world threatens to change your life forever. Most importantly, I wanted to create an ambitious photographic aesthetic document that stands the test of time. A job that would constitute an irreplaceable ethnographic record of a rapidly disappearing world. ”
These are the words of Jimmy Nelson, British photographer that between 2009-2010 decided to spend 2 weeks in different isolated tribes in the world, with a total of 29 (where an estimated 15 million people live) in a project that he called Before They pass away (“Before they disappear”). In each tribe, their ancient traditions met Jimmy, joined their rituals and portrayed in a very attractive manner. His detailed pictures exhibit unique jewelry, curious hairstyles and clothing, not to mention the environment and the most important cultural elements of each tribe, as the horses of the Gauchos. According to Nelson, his mission was to ensure that the world will never forget how things used to be.
Who is Jimmy Nelson?
Jimmy Nelson (Sevenoaks, Kent, 1967) began working as a photographer in 1987. Having spent 10 years in a Jesuit boarding school in northern England, left on their own to traverse the length of Tibet on foot. The trip lasted a year and when he returned with his unique visual diary, with revealing images of an inaccessible Tibet, was published to international acclaim. Since 1997 he began to build and unique images of remote cultures photographed with a traditional camera plate 50 years old. Many awards reflected the quality and recognition of the extraordinariness of their work.
All photos are in a huge book of 464 pages that will expand to turn into film. So Jimmy embarks on a journey to the most remote corners of the Earth and presents the last survivors of a disappearing world. In this article the testimony of his work, which includes only a portion of the isolated tribes existing in the world today is presented.
This article will not conceive tribes as something museum that should be preserved like a thing of the “past” versus “modern” culture and not necessarily communities will disappear (this is just the title of the project exposed Jimmy Nelson). Rather it aims to present the cultural and social wealth of the world in which we live and maybe we are not fully knowledgeable. The tribes and indigenous communities around the world should be treated from the utmost respect and if not fit paternalistic attitudes towards it, as if there were different status-find themselves the existence of organizations that carry out numerous dissemination, awareness and even called the protection of such communities. In fact in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples states that “all peoples contribute to the diversity and richness of civilizations and cultures, which constitute the common heritage of mankind. To begin to respect such communities is good for first learn about the myths surrounding them.
Are gauchos a tribe?
The term “tribe” has many different meanings and serve different purposes, even to be a controversial task to pursue its definition. Depending on authors, times and trends may differ from the concept approach. The concept has even been used to manipulate the policy and set the colonized subject subdivision or minimize the importance of the socio-political entities mainly in Africa and Asia. Originally referred to a culturally homogeneous group of families with real or mythical common ancestor. In turn grouped tribes could be a comparable group at greatest cultural proto-nation. Although definitions vary even by different international organizations. In fact, the international community has not adopted a definition of “indigenous peoples” and the current thinking is that a formal universal definition for the recognition and protection of their rights is not required. Yet the Convention of the International Labour Organization Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169) defines tribal peoples those “whose social, cultural and economic conditions distinguish them from other sections of the national community, and are regulated wholly or partially by their own customs or traditions or by special laws. ”
After several days of publication of this article and many comments on the same bloom mainly two questions: are gauchos tribe and why the Mapuche are not on the list of Jimmy Nelson? Making a small search work we have observed that in the Library of Congress of the United States, there is a picture whose title identifies the gauchos as a tribe. Also we have seen as the international organization Survival International, based in London and the only organization working to defend the rights of indigenous tribal peoples worldwide, does not include the gauchos in its list of endangered tribes nor on your map of uncontacted tribes. Not that includes the Mapuche therein. In an article on Channel 4 also identify (when supplied to Survival International) or the gauchos or the Mapuche as uncontacted tribes. Another project, called Indigenous Knowledge Project, which is documenting the various tribes of the world also includes the gauchos on your map in which a total of 306 indigenous communities are documented. Among them are the Mapuche, but would not appear as an isolated or remote tribe.
Follow this link: http://www.unitedexplanations.org/
Thanks ! ! :))