We are already accustomed to unfortunately learn every day on the news of a new act of corruption of government. It seems that journalism is going to run out of ideas to name calling to the illustrious members of our Congress, a year ago was the comepollo and now is the comeoro. What many do not realize is that corruption in our political class existed even before the APRA. Below is a list about it in purely chronological order 5. José Rufino Echenique and Consolidation At first glance the talk about consolidation leads us to consider a new housing program or bank loans for SMEs, but in this case we are talking about 1850 when the presidency of the republic rested on the shoulders of Joseph Rufino Echenique. It turns out that the Revolutionary War had generated high internal debt due to voluntary contributions from the public to finance the emancipation, and make no mistake, by voluntary contributions we refer to foreclosures and forced quotas. To pay creditors was decided to use the money from the sale of guano, this was called the consolidation of domestic debt. “And now my partner will go through their seats, a coin does not make you poor or me rich.” The problem arose when calculated for the debt repayment budget increased from 5 million to 23 million pesos when he finished paying all creditors of the state, here in Kemados suppose that’s a lot of money … unless the weights were the intis of the time. However in 1856 it was discovered that most of this money had been charged with causing a riot forged documents that brought to power Echenique being accused by his opponents of favoring his relatives and friends. This did not prevent the emergence of many new rich product of ill-gotten gains from consolidation. “Sooner or later someone had to pay for all that bling bling.” 4. Mariano Ignacio Prado and the trip to Europe was in 1879, in Peru was not doing well in the war he had with Chile and the then president Mariano Ignacio Prado decided that the best course of action was going on a trip to Europe in order to buy weapons to sustain the war effort. Days after heading a military coup instauraba Nicholas Piérola instead What followed was the indictment Prado having fled the country cowardly to live it up with the national treasury abroad; assume specifically in Paris , favorite destination of presidents in our escape plan. “Others were kind enough to leave. I’m a touch to Japan, I’ll be back” But to be fair it should be noted that history has vindicated Prado being shown that if you had a genuine intention to acquire materiel and history Corruption was a government invention Piérola. Like the bad taste to know that when we finally found an honest politician, father Leoncio Prado epic addition, this turns out to be so naive to be traveling at war with Chile as a revolt was brewing in your backyard is us . “Like Prado will you get the claim you deserve?” 3. Augusto Leguia and oncenio. Known as the Peruvian president more time ruled the country, totaling 15 years divided into four periods, managed to create a corrupt which state apparatus only appeared incriminating records after coup Luis Miguel Sánchez Cerro but were unsuccessful because they taken in an ad hoc tribunal under a military dictatorship … in short unconstitutionally. He was also considered a ruler “submissive” to be signed boundary treaties with Colombia and Chile that gave them the “Amazonian Trapezium” and Arica respectively. “Thank Legui’a” His megalomania was such that restricted freedom of the press and persecuted his opponents, this led to the parliament a tool for overworked ego being named among other things “national hero of the Republic,” “Giant again Pacific, “” Viracocha “and” Jupiter Chair “. Two. Manuel Odría and Monterrico Pact in 1956 reached its conclusion with the Ochenio Odría holding elections that year, and came to an end a period of continuous public works lacking oversight caused the waste of funds and rampant corruption in state institutions. Can we have a picture of this period in “Conversation in the Cathedral” by Mario Vargas Llosa. “At what point in Peru is fucked? Now I think it was in 1985 “One of the main concerns of Odría was not researched how I made to have properties with a value equal to 10 times the income perceived as president, while the new ruling party wanted to avoid new coup. So he was called the Covenant of Monterrico between Manuel and Manuel Prado Odría ensuring that any investigation into the corruption of the outgoing regime would not. “Democracy in action.” 1. Juan Velasco and the Ministry of Fisheries in the early years of the 1970s, Peru was the way to be the world’s largest producer of fishmeal by the famous engineer and businessman Luis Banchero, in those years our country was recognized as a fishing power and as a result had prevented the expropriation of this burgeoning industry by the military government. “Thanks to this gentleman that Lima is a smelly fish meal by city.” But after the murder of Banchero Velasco proceeded in 1972 with the nationalization of the fisheries sector and the creation of the Ministry of Fisheries to serve as a donor for all the corruption of the military government.