Peru: The vicious circle of labor slavery system generates

Search for a better life, but found in slavery. It is the reality of more than 80,000 Peruvians living in slums, have low wages and are not recognized their rights. Precarious labor system in Peru even absorbed the smaller, making raw material of slavery. Alejandro works in an illegal brick kiln on the outskirts of Lima. Working here since I was a child and it does not break. A slave of the XXI century is considered. “We suffer from night working so cold at 5 or 6 am What will we do? Have to work. If you rest not win no pay, no nothing,” said Alejandro Huamtco, a brick worker who is considered a slave. Alejandro has 7 children and spent 20 years in this spiral of labor exploitation that is hard to leave, he and thousands of peers. “It’s a pain, getting up at 3 in the morning to work and get home at 7 pm, only sleep the missing 7 hours back to work, so you have to sacrifice in order to keep the family” said the representative of the brick, Mauro Carvajal. This is another reality of Peru, a country that, despite economic growth of 5.4%, holds a sad record: according to the Global Index Slavery Walk Free Foundation is the state with 82,000 slaves in Latin America with a figure so high in this area, only surpassed by Haiti. Like many others, Esteban came from poorer provinces to earn a living. In recent years there have been changes in Peru, but not for workers. And is that labor law is the same as from the time of Fujimori. “For the average poor or no improvement, we often work longer hours but with the same salary. Improves for those with more money for the capitalists, but not for us,” says Esteban Vilchez, foreman of a brick. Another of the groups that exemplify this job insecurity are domestic workers. It is estimated that in Peru there are a million and only 1% received legal compensation. Oyanta President Humala promised during his campaign to ratify Convention 189 of the International Labour Organization. However, women still waiting and suffering labor abuses without legal backing. “Many of our working sisters home were we raped and pregnant, and have been laid off. Many of our working sisters home still working, despite being in the XXI century as semiesclavas. In conclusion in Peru are in a condition of servitude domestic workers, “said Lady Mozambique, representing domestic workers in Peru. “Today we are in a situation of job insecurity in the country, there are more jobs, yes, but more jobs we call trash, ie employment without rights, decent work here in Peru is a dream. There is growth but no economic development in the country, “said Secretary CGTP Union, Manuel Cortez. The impact of this labor system are felt. In Lima ghettos proliferate, all united by poverty and labor exploitation. Around illegal brick slums grow by extending the outskirts of Lima where thousands of Peruvians who come mostly from rural areas live depleted, come seeking better prospects and eventually crammed into such places. They are the main raw material of slavery. A yoke that for thousands of workers like Alexander, has not changed at all over the past 20 years. He like many others receive low wages of around 55 soles (about 20 dollars) per thousand brick finishes. A number that can only be achieved with the help of his wife and children, which lengthens the tentacles of this system. And this, which is the nursery of their little ones, soon could end up being his first employment center. It is a vicious circle of labor system that creates a situation of slavery. One point that, for now, the administration of President Humala, during the economic boom, has not eradicated. Political analyst Miguel Guaglianone believes the problem of slavery in Latin America is not resolved by the neoliberal orientation of several governments, in order to benefit large corporations in the accumulation of capital. In his view the Government of Peru “does not have the tools to combat the problem of slavery and poverty. Neoliberal orientation is towards capital accumulation, especially in large corporations, and neglects the serious social problems “he said.




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